Upload Large Files to SharePoint Online

Microsoft has now increased the SharePoint per file upload size limit to 10 GB. Here’s a full list of SharePoint Online limitations. Now, this has thrown up a number of new challenges for this upload to be carried out through code.

  • Cannot keep such a large file in a single .NET object.
  • It’s very difficult to upload a file of this magnitude in a single HTTP request. If ever, the connection fails, the entire upload would have to be restarted! For a large file, this could easily turn into a nightmare for us.

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Create a read-only user in Office365

This is the first of the 2 series blog. In this, I’ll explain how to do create a read-only Office365 User, directly from the client PowerShell. And then there’s a complete code snippet to achieve the same from a C# Console App in the 2nd part of this blog[Coming soon]. Before delving deep, I would like to highlight the fact, that you’ll NOT be charged for this User a/c by Microsoft. We’ll be barely creating a User, not assigning any license to it.

The entire process can be broadly classified into 4 major steps:

  1. Authenticate using existing administrator’s userID & password
  2. Create a new User with a randomly generated password
  3. Assign the role, “Service Support Administrator
  4. Assign the RoleGroupMember, “View-Only Organization Management” [Exchange]

PowerShell

Requirement:

SharePoint Online Management Shell with all its dependencies.

Authenticate using existing administrator’s userID & password

Open Windows PowerShell and enter the cmdlet,

"Connect-MsolService".

A dialogue will pop-up seeking the userId & password.

Provide an administrators credential here. Note, you’ll not be notified for wrong userID or password. In the event of providing wrong credential, the following cmdlets will refuse to run. So, make sure, that the credential is correct.

Create a new User with a randomly generated password

Once, the authentication is done, we’ll then create a new Office365 user. We’ll be providing basic user details, like FirstName, LastName, LoginID [or, UserPrincipal(compulsory)]. But, we’ll never set the password. The password will be returned back to us, once the user has been created. Another important thing to note here is the password policy we’re enforcing here. First, we’re setting, “ForceChangePassword” to false. This implies that when the User will login for the very first time, he/she will not be prompted to change it. Next, we’re setting “PasswordNeverExpires“, to true which, is pretty much self-explanatory.

New-MSolUser -DisplayName “PK” -UserPrincipalName “pk@company.onmicrosoft.com” -FirstName “Piyush” -LastName “Singh” -ForceChangePassword $false -PasswordNeverExpires $true

Once the User has been created, its basic details like, UserPrincipalName, newly created Password, etc, will be displayed in the Shell. One can also specify their preferred password also by adding, “-Password “Password123” at the end of the above cmdlet.

Note: There can be multiple Users with identical DisplayName but not UserPrincipalName. It has to be unique.
 

Assign the role, “Service Support Administrator”

This is simple. We’ll be assigning the “Service Support Administrator” role to this newly created User.

Add-MSOLRoleMember –RoleName “Service Support Administrator” –RoleMemberEmailAddress pk@company.onmicrosoft.com

Assign the RoleGroupMember, “View-Only Organization Management”

This role group is specific to Exchange. The objective is to assign only view permission to this user. To accomplish this, we’ll execute the cmdlet, “Add-RoleGroupMember“. One problem, this cmdlet is not a part of SharePoint Online Management Shell. So we cannot directly run it. We have to, first, establish a remote connection to the Exchange Server, and temporarily import it’s commands to the local PowerShell session. Only then, we can execute the cmdlet, “Add-RoleGroupMember“. Once the job’s done, we should also remove this session. To know more about this, plz visit the site, http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd335083(v=exchg.150).aspx

Since, here, we’ll be executing a series of commands, I have put it all down in a script file. Here’s the content,

$Cred = Get-Credential
$s = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://ps.outlook.com/powershell -Credential $cred -Authentication Basic –AllowRedirection
Import-PSSession $s
$memberLoginName = Read-Host ‘LoginID’
Add-RoleGroupMember -identity ‘View-Only Organization Management’ -member $memberLoginName
Remove-PSSession $s

Say, we saved the file in D drive, with the name, addExchngViewRole.ps1. So to execute the same, just run from powershell, D:/addExchngViewRole.ps1. A dialog box will be prompted (same as above). Here again, you need to specify the admin’s credential. Once validated, it will import the Exchange commands.

Next, you’ll be asked to provide the PrincipalID or LoginName of the User who will be assigned to the RoleGroup, View-Only Organization Management [in this case, pk@company.onmicrosoft.com]. After that the user will be added to the given group and the current session will be removed from your machine, as per Microsoft’s guideline.

Note: ConnectionUri has been fixed to https://ps.outlook.com/powershell. This is valid for Exchange Online only. If you’re using on-premise, plz replace the url with this one, http:///PowerShell/.

Get all Licensed Office 365 users using PowerShell

Sometimes, we might need to view all the Licensed Users within a Office365 tenant. So here, I am going to demonstrate how to get all the users for any further analysis.

But before we delve into this plz make sure that you have all the components installed on the machine to run SharePoint Online Management Shell and  the cmdlet, Connect-MsolService. You can refer this blog post also for any assistance: https://realmpksharepoint.wordpress.com/2014/07/10/install-sharepoint-online-management-shell-on-client-side/

Following are the steps involve to perform this task:

  • Open the SharePoint Online Mangement Shell in Administrator mode.
  • Type in Connect-MsolService. When the window pops up, enter your corresponding administrator credentials.
  • If no error message is thrown then your credentials are validated.
  • In case you’re interested in getting all the available properties for the user object returned by the Get-MsolUser, then type in the cmdlet,
    Get-MsolUser | Get-MsolMember | Out-GridView
    

    The following screen will be displayed.

  • As you can see that there’s a property called isLicensed, we’re now gonna use this property in our next cmdlet to get all the Licensed Office365 users only, by running the command,
    Get-MsolUser | Where-Object { $_.isLicensed -eq "TRUE" }
    

  • Finally, you can also export this information to a csv file. To do this, run this command,
    Get-MsolUser | Where-Object { $_.isLicensed -eq "TRUE" } | Select-Object UserPrincipalName, DisplayName, Country, Department, ValidationStatus | Export-Csv c:\LicensedUsers\LicensedUsers.csv
    

  • You can also view all the properties by running the command,
    Get-MsolUser | Where-Object { $_.isLicensed -eq "TRUE" } | Export-Csv c:\LicensedUsers\LicensedUsers.csv
    

The last 2 commands will not generate any message on the shell, but you can check the file at your given location.

Thanks…

Add a new User to the User Information List from the Office365 Active User Panel using Client Object Model C#

This post is about a hidden List of SharePoint, User Information List. In this, the items are the active Office365 users, that have some interaction with this site. For ex. if a user has visited the site, or, the user has been marked in one of the List [like assigned a Task] of the site, or, the user is the administrator then, the user gets automatically added to this List.

By default, the site’s administrator is the only added user to this List. So, if you assign say, a task, to an active user from the Office365 user panel, then, SharePoint automatically adds the user in the User Information List. In my one of the earlier post, https://realmpksharepoint.wordpress.com/2014/01/19/update-a-usermulti-column-value-in-client-object-model-c/, I had demonstrated how to update a UserField SiteColumn say, Attendees for a Calendar item[meeting], with the user id from the web’s SiteUsers. However, we only get the users from the User Information List as the SiteUsers in CSOM.

So how to add a new active user to this List using CSOM? The answer is the EnsureUser method.
It adds the valid user to the site if it’s not already added.

User user = clientContext.Web.EnsureUser("Piyush Singh");
clientContext.Load(user);
clientContext.ExecuteQuery();